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Tooth crown is a cap that covers over and protects the complete enamel of the tooth, restoring the tooth to the authentic shape. It seals the enamel and protects it from further damage.
Why Does A Tooth Need To Be Crowned
An instance often used to apprehend what a lifeless teeth does in our mouth is that of a lifeless branch on a tree. The branch seems to look solid, however it’s miles emptied of its essence (sap) and might wreck at any second, causing extra damage to the relaxation of the tree. Placing a dental crown will hold a damaged tooth, and guard the dental structure of the jaw. A devitalized tooth that isn’t always blanketed by way of a crown will cut up little by little till the dentist may be caused to remove it absolutely
The following are typical reasons for doing a crown:
- When a tooth is badly broken down, a normal filling may not be strong enough for chewing
- The tooth had root canal treatment done previously
- To improve the appearance and/or contour of a tooth that is discoloured, misshaped or out of alignment
- The tooth is under heavy chewing force, has cracked, or needs protection from wear and tear
Types of Tooth Crowns
There are 4 types of crowns: ceramic, porcelain fused to metal, gold alloys and base metal alloys crowns.
- Ceramic — These are used for restoring front teeth, and are popular in this area for their ability to blend with your natural tooth color. The crown is made of a porcelain-based material.
- Porcelain-fused to metal – This crown provides a stronger bond than regular porcelain because it is connected to a metal structure. It’s also extremely durable.
- Gold alloys – This crown is a mix of gold, copper and other metals. In addition to providing a strong bond to the tooth, it doesn’t fracture, nor does it wear away the tooth itself.
- Base metal alloys – This crown is made up of non-noble metals that are highly resistant to corrosion, and make for a very strong crown. It also requires the least amount of healthy tooth to be removed prior to fitting.
How is A Tooth Crown Placed ?
A Crown is usually set in two dental visits. First Visit, The dentist will numb the area surrounding the tooth with a local anaesthetic. The tooth will be filed down, and an impression of it taken, to construct your crown to exact specifications.
Second Visit, The Crown is ready. The Dentist places it in your mouth, makes the necessary adjustments till You are with its looks and feel. The crown is then cemented in place. Their is Usually little discomfort associated with getting a crown.
Post Operative Care of Tooth Crown Treatment
- Hard foods and chewing gums should be avoided until the crown sets properly. Foods that are easy to chew such as pasta, bananas and applesauce are advised or hard candy
- There might be some pain after the permanent crown is placed which will come as a surprise to people who had a temporary one. This is because, the permanent crown comes directly in contact with the nerve. The Dentist will prescribe appropriate medication for this. The patient must not take more medicine than prescribed.
- Smoking should be stopped for a few days as Nicotine in the blood inhibits healing and prolongs recovery time.
- Alcohol should be avoided while on medication as the medicines might react with alcohol and present a toxic result
- On the first day after surgery, after care measures are important. A cold compress should be applied to the appropriate side of the face to minimize swelling.
- Avoid Extreme Temperature, Hot or Cold Like Ice or Hot liquids like Coffee and Tea must be avoided for at least 3 days after surgery as they can trigger sensitivity and greatly increase the fracture of porcelain and natural teeth
Pros and Cons of A Tooth Crown Treatment
- Permanent solution: The first benefit of a tooth crown is that unlike dentures, dental crowns need not be removed regularly or cleansed separately. Regular brushing or floss can easily prevent infection around crowns.
- You can keep your original teeth: While applying a crown, only the weakened or damaged part of the tooth are removed. The crown is made to fit on top of the remnants of the actual tooth.
- Less invasive procedure: This treatment calls for a simple process that does not involve treating the nerves or gums. Thus, only the visible part of the tooth is operated upon, minimizing the possibility of complications and reducing recovery time for a dental crown.
- Aesthetic aspects: Dental crowns made up of porcelain match the size, color and shape of your original teeth but easily wear out. However, one can choose from a variety of other options like porcelain-fused-metal, zirconia, gold or silver crowns
- Increased sensitivity: Unlike dentures or bridges, dental crowns do not fix nerve endings, which may lead to increased pain or reactivity to heat or cold. This sensitivity generally disappears in a few days. During this period, the patient may be given analgesics to ease the pain.
- Damage to underlying tooth: A crown which is not properly fixed or gets loose with time may lead to accumulation of bacteria under it leading to infection and damage to the tooth underneath. Proper cleaning of crown and use of antibiotics can nullify the infection.
- More tooth reduction: Some crowns need excessive trimming of the tooth structure to achieve a better fit. This leads to shedding of a large part of the natural tooth. Different material can be used for crown to avoid this.
From General Dentistry to Cosmetic Dentistry, Keem Smile Dentistry Offers a Wide range of Restorative and Preventive Dental Services. Our Mission is to help you maintain a beautiful, healthy smile without causing a cavity in your pocket. These before-and-after photos show the results that many of our patients now enjoy after treatment. If you would like to learn more about how we an help you meet your needs, please contact us today. It will me a pleasure to Serve You.